食物英文翻译大全 身在国外方便吃饭
更新:2018年10月03日   阅读:10131次

  今天分享给大家一篇食物大全,出国或者到了西餐厅,你就可以大显身手,为家人点菜啦~

  水果类

  西红柿tomato;

  菠萝pineapple;

  西瓜watermelon;

  香蕉banana;

  柚子shaddock(pomelo);

  橙子orange;

  苹果apple;

  柠檬lemon;

  樱桃cherry;

  桃子peach;

  梨pear;

  枣Chinese date(去核枣pitted date);

  椰子coconut;

  草莓strawberry;

  树莓raspberry;

  蓝莓blueberry;

  黑莓blackberry;

  葡萄grape;

  甘蔗sugar cane;

  芒果mango;

  木瓜pawpaw/papaya;

  杏子apricot;

  油桃nectarine;

  柿子persimmon;

  石榴pomegranate;

  榴莲jackfruit;

  槟榔果areca nut;

  西班牙产苦橙bitter orange;

  猕猴桃kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberry;

  金橘cumquat;

  蟠桃flat peach;

  荔枝litchi;

  青梅greengage;

  山楂果haw;

  水蜜桃honey peach;

  香瓜、甜瓜musk melon;

  李子plum;

  杨梅waxberry red bayberry;

  桂圆longan;

  沙果crab apple;

  杨桃starfruit;

  枇杷loquat;

  柑橘tangerine;

  莲雾wax-apple;

  番石榴 guava

  肉、蔬菜类

  南瓜(倭瓜)pumpkin cushaw;

  甜玉米Sweet corn;

  牛肉beef;

  猪肉pork;

  羊肉mutton;

  羔羊肉lamb;

  鸡肉chicken;

  生菜、莴苣lettuce;

  白菜Chinese cabbage(celery cabbage);

  甘蓝、卷心菜cabbage;

  萝卜radish;

  胡萝卜carrot;

  韭菜leek;

  木耳agarics;

  豌豆pea;

  马铃薯(土豆)potato;

  黄瓜cucumber;

  苦瓜balsam pear;

  秋葵okra;

  洋葱onion;

  芹菜celery;

  芹菜杆celery sticks;

  地瓜sweet potato;

  蘑菇mushroom;

  橄榄olive;

  菠菜spinach;

  冬瓜(Chinese)wax gourd;

  莲藕lotus root;

  紫菜laver;

  油菜cole rape;

  茄子eggplant;

  香菜caraway;

  枇杷loquat;

  青椒green pepper;

  四季豆、青刀豆garden bean;

  银耳silvery fungi;

  腱子肉tendon;

  肘子pork joint;

  茴香fennel(茴香油fennel oil 药用);

  鲤鱼carp;

  咸猪肉bacon;

  金针蘑needle mushroom;

  扁豆lentil;

  槟榔areca;

  牛蒡great burdock;

  水萝卜summer radish;

  竹笋bamboo shoot;

  艾蒿Chinese mugwort;

  绿豆mung bean;

  毛豆green soy bean;

  瘦肉lean meat;

  肥肉speck;

  黄花菜day lily(day lily bud);

  豆芽菜bean sprout;

  丝瓜towel gourd (注:在美国丝瓜或用做丝瓜茎loofah洗澡的,不是食用的)

  海鲜类

  虾仁Peeled Prawns;

  龙虾lobster;

  小龙虾crayfish;

  蟹crab;

  蟹足crab claws;

  小虾shrimp;

  对虾、大虾prawn;

  (烤)鱿鱼(toast)squid;

  海参sea cucumber;

  扇贝scallop;

  鲍鱼sea-ear abalone;

  小贝肉cockles;

  牡蛎oyster;

  鱼鳞scale;

  海蜇jellyfish;

  鳖、海龟turtle;

  蚬、蛤clam;

  鲅鱼culter;

  鲳鱼butterfish;

  虾籽shrimp egg;

  鲢鱼、银鲤鱼chub silver carp;

  黄花鱼yellow croaker

  调料类

  醋vinegar

  酱油soy

  盐salt

  加碘盐iodized salt

  糖sugar

  白糖refined sugar

  酱soy sauce

  沙拉salad

  辣椒hot(red)pepper

  胡椒(black)pepper

  花椒wild pepper Chinese prickly ash powder

  色拉油salad oil

  调料fixing sauce seasoning

  砂糖granulated sugar

  红糖brown sugar

  冰糖Rock Sugar

  芝麻Sesame

  芝麻酱Sesame paste

  芝麻油Sesame oil

  咖喱粉curry

  番茄酱(汁)ketchup redeye

  辣根horseradish

  葱shallot (Spring onions)

  姜ginger

  蒜garlic

  料酒cooking wine

  蚝油oyster sauce

  枸杞(枇杷,欧查果 )medlar

  八角aniseed

  酵母粉yeast barm

  黄椒Yellow pepper

  肉桂cinnamon (在美国十分受欢迎,很多事物都有肉桂料)

  黄油butter

  香草精vanilla extract(甜点必备)

  面粉flour

  洋葱onion

  主食类

  三文治sandwich

  米饭rice

  粥congee (rice soup)

  汤soup

  饺子dumpling

  面条noodle

  比萨饼pizza

  方便面instant noodle

  香肠sausage

  面包bread

  黄油(白塔油)butter

  茶叶蛋Tea eggs

  油菜rape

  饼干cookies

  咸菜(泡菜)pickle

  馒头steamed bread

  饼(蛋糕)cake

  汉堡hamburger

  火腿ham

  奶酪cheese

  馄饨皮wonton skin

  高筋面粉Strong flour

  小麦wheat 大麦barley

  青稞highland barley

  高粱broomcorn (kaoliang )

  春卷Spring rolls

  芋头Taro

  山药yam

  鱼翅shark fin

  黄花daylily

  松花蛋 皮蛋preserved eggs

  春卷spring roll

  肉馅饼minced pie

  糙米Brown rice

  玉米corn

  馅儿stuffing

  开胃菜appetizer

  面粉flour

  燕麦oat

  白薯 甘薯sweet potato

  牛排steak

  里脊肉fillet

  凉粉bean jelly

  糯米 江米sticky ricerice

  燕窝bird’s nest

  粟Chinese corn

  肉丸子meat balls

  枳橙citrange

  点心(中式)dim sum

  淀粉starch

  蛋挞egg tart

  干果类

  腰果Cashew nuts

  花生peanut

  无花果fig

  榛子filbert hazel

  栗子chestnut

  核桃walnut

  杏仁almond

  果脯preserved fruit

  芋头taro

  葡萄干raisin cordial

  开心果pistachion

  巴西果brazil nut

  菱角,荸荠water chestnut (和国内食用法不同,做坚果食用)

  酒水类

  红酒red wine

  白酒white wine

  白兰地brandy

  葡萄酒sherry

  汽水(软饮料) soda

  (盐)汽水sparkling water

  果汁juice

  冰棒Ice-lolly

  啤酒beer

  酸奶yoghurt

  伏特加酒vodka

  鸡尾酒cocktail

  豆奶soy milk

  豆浆soybean milk

  七喜7 UP

  麒麟(日本啤酒kirin)

  凉开水cold boiled water

  汉斯啤酒Hans beer

  浓缩果汁concentrated juice

  冰镇啤酒iced(chilled ) beer

  札幌(日本啤酒)Sapporo

  爱尔啤酒(美国)ale

  A级牛奶grand A milk

  班图酒bantu beer

  半干雪利dry sark

  参水牛奶blue milk

  日本粗茶bancha

  生啤酒draft beer

  白啤酒white beer

  <苏格兰>大麦酒barley-bree

  咖啡伴侣coffee mate

  零食类

  薄荷糖cracker,

  饼干biscuit,

  棒棒糖bonbon

  茶tea (沏茶make the tea)

  话梅prune candied plum

  锅巴rice crust

  瓜子melon seed

  冰棒(冰果)ice(frozen)sucker

  冰淇凌ice cream

  圣代冰淇淋sundae

  巧克力豆marble chocolate barley

  布丁pudding

  中餐

  烧饼Clay oven rolls

  油条Fried bread stick

  韭菜盒 Fried leek dumplings

  水饺Boiled dumplings

  蒸饺 Steamed dumplings

  馒头 Steamed buns

  割包 Steamed sandwich

  饭团 Rice and vegetable roll

  蛋饼 Egg cakes

  皮蛋 100-year egg

  咸鸭蛋 Salted duck egg

  豆浆 Soybean milk

  饭类稀饭Rice porridge

  白饭 Plain white rice

  油饭 Glutinous oil rice

  糯米饭 Glutinous rice

  卤肉饭 Braised pork rice

  蛋炒饭 Fried rice with egg

  地瓜粥 Sweet potato congee

  客饭 curry rice

  咖喱饭fried rice

  炒饭 plain rice

  白饭 crispy rice

  面类馄饨面 Wonton & noodles

  刀削面 Sliced noodles

  麻辣面Spicy hot noodles

  麻酱面 Sesame paste noodles

  鴨肉面 Duck with noodles

  鱔魚面 Eel noodles

  乌龙面 Seafood noodles

  榨菜肉丝面 Pork , pickled mustard green noodles

  牡蛎细面 Oyster thin noodles

  板条 Flat noodles

  米粉 Rice noodles

  炒米粉 Fried rice noodles

  冬粉Green bean noodle

  汤类鱼丸汤 Fish ball soup

  貢丸汤 Meat ball soup

  蛋花汤 Egg & vegetable soup

  蛤蜊汤 Clams soup

  牡蛎汤 Oyster soup

  紫菜汤 Seaweed soup

  酸辣汤 Sweet & sour soup

  馄饨汤 Wonton soup

  猪肠汤 Pork intestine soup

  肉羹汤 Pork thick soup

  鱿鱼汤 Squid soup

  花枝羹 Squid thick soup

  西餐与日料

  French cuisine法国菜

  today’s special 今日特餐

  chef’s special 主厨特餐

  buffet 自助餐

  fast food 快餐

  specialty 招牌菜

  continental cuisine 欧式西餐

  aperitif 饭前酒

  dim sum 点心

  French fires炸薯条

  baked potato烘马铃薯

  mashed potatoes马铃薯泥

  omelette 简蛋卷

  pudding 布丁

  pastries 甜点

  pickled vegetables 泡菜

  kimchi 韩国泡菜

  crab meat 蟹肉

  prawn 明虾

  conch 海螺

  escargots 田螺

  braised beef 炖牛肉

  bacon 熏肉

  poached egg 荷包蛋

  sunny side up 煎一面荷包蛋

  over 煎两面荷包蛋

  fried egg 煎蛋

  over easy 煎半熟蛋

  over hard 煎全熟蛋

  scramble eggs 炒蛋

  boiled egg 煮蛋

  stone fire pot 石头火锅

  sashi 日本竹筷

  sake 日本米酒

  miso shiru 味噌汤

  roast meat 铁板烤肉

  sashimi 生鱼片

  butter 奶油